F. Tutulescu and A. PopaThe Dragasani vineyard is one of the most ancient existing in Romania being famous for obtaining red and white wines of the highest quality. The present study has performed during five years (2005-2009), focusing on the anthocyanin profiles of the autochthonous Novac grapevine cultivar, in comparison with Cabernet Sauvignon cultivar which, also provides wines of high quality. The obtained results put into evidence, a special potential and chromatic structure in case of the grapes and wines characteristics for these autochthonous cultivars, which are very closed to those shown by the Cabernet Sauvignon. For all the cultivars studied, the amounts of cationical flavidium within the anthocyanin matter do keep continuously was growing, while acidity decreased and glucides was accumulated. However, at some moment, these synthesis indices of the cromatical structure’s quality begin to decline. Depending of the viticultural year it is the genetical nature of the respective anthocyanin pigments to differentiate through the involvements of each of the 3 categories of pigments (yellow, red or blue). During the wine’s evolution (maturation and aging), due to the modification of its cromatical structure, the ratio between the yellow and red pigments does confer to the wine a colour nuance which continues to increase, significantly improving the wine’s visual attraction. For the autochthonous grapevine cultivars for red wines, their antocyanins potential their respective qualities do enable us to state that on the basis of the quality of the raw materials, wine types of high qualities could be created, being so endowed that they could bear as well an origin denomination.