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I. BIOTECHNOLOGY
1. EFFECT OF THE MAIN CYTOKININS ON ANDROGENESIS OF WHITE CABBAGE (BRASSICA OLERACEA L. var. CAPITATA) ANTHERS CULTIVATED “IN VITRO”
T.O. Cristea, A.G.Iosob, C. Brezeanu, P.M. Brezeanu , D. Avasiloaiei and A. Bute
The aim of the present research work was the screening of the effect of the main cytokinin (BAP, kinetin or zeatin) in different concentrations and combinations with the auxin NAA on androgenesis of white cabbage anthers cultivated in vitro. The results obtained are regarded as an intermediary stage for the development of a reproducible protocol
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I. BIOTECHNOLOGY
1. COMBINED TRANSCRIPTOME- AND PROTEOME-BASED ANALYSES FOR MINING OF GENES ASSOCIATED WITH FRUIT CRACKING IN CHINESE JUJUBE (ZIZIPHUS JUJUBA MILL.)
M. Lin, J. Wang, Q. Gao, C. Wu, M. Liu and Zh. Wang
Fruit dehiscence is a crucial physiological disorder in fruit crops. Fruit cracking may frequently cause more than 50% of yield losses in Chinese jujube (Ziziphus jujuba Mill.). In this study, we carried out a combined transcriptome sequencing and proteome analysis in Chinese jujube to reveal the molecular mechanisms involved in fruit cracking. A total of
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2. IN VITRO MORPHOGENETIC REACTION OF MELISSA OFFICINALIS L.
A.M. Radomir and R. Stan
Lemon balm (Melissa officinalisL.) is a medicinal plant with a long history in traditional medicine. Classical propagation of this species is inefficient for establishing a good quality clonal plants. The aim of this work was to elaborate an in vitro propagation protocol for M. officinalis using apexes and uninodal fragments as explants. The highest multiplication
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2. QUALITY IMPROVEMENT OF THE GRAPEVINE PLANTING STOCK THROUGH VIRUS ELIMINATION BY IN VITRO CHEMOTHERAPY
I.C. Guță and E.C. Buciumeanu
In the context of durable viticulture, the initial propagating material is primarily responsible for the health of vineyards from the virological point of view, also this having an important role in controlling the spread of virus diseases. This study analyzed the behavior of grapevine genotype infected with Grapevine fleck virus (‘Regina viilor’), and grapevine genotypes
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II. VEGETABLE GROWING
3. ASPECTS REGARDING MONITORING OF THE PEST TUTA ABSOLUTA (TOMATO LEAF MINER) ON TOMATO CROPS UNDER HIGH PLASTIC TUNNELS AND EFFICACY OF SOME INSECTICIDES TESTED FOR ITS CONTROL
S. Hogea and M. Costache
Tuta absoluta (Meyrick) (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae) is a pest native from South America, which was first reported in Romania in 2009 (Satu Mare). Among the vegetable species, tomatoes are the main host of the pest, but can also be found on potato, black nightshade (Solanumnigrum), eggplant, bell peppers and tobacco.Yield losses caused by Tuta absoluta can
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3. METHODS APPLIED IN THE PRODUCTION SYSTEM OF VIRUS FREE PLANTING MATERIAL OF APPLE IN THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA
C. Dadu, L. Prodaniuc, Iu. Kalashyan and A. Chernets
The technology of in vitro micropropagation of the apple rootstock MM 106 was developed. From 80 to100% rooting was obtained in variants with indole-3-butyric acid (IBA) 1-2 mg/l. A diagnostic polyclonal antiserum to the apple stem pitting virus (ASPV) was obtained. The results of the virus elimination of apple cultivars ‘Coreor’, ‘Coredova’, ‘Coretard’, ‘Izvoras’ genetically
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4. POSSIBILITIES OF COMPLEX CONTROL OF PATHOGENS AND PEST ON TOMATO CROPS UNDER HIGH PLASTIC TUNNELS
G. Șovărel, S.Ș. Hogea, A.E. Cenușă and M. Costache
The experiment was carried out in 2020, under high plastic tunnels conditions, using the tomato hybrid Prekos F1 and aimed to evaluate the efficacy of different combinations of fungicides with insecticides for complex control of pathogens Alternaria solani (early blight), Fulvia fulva (leaf mold) and pests Tuta absoluta (tomato leaf miner) and Helicoverpa armigera (cotton
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II. VEGETABLE, AROMATIC AND MEDICINAL PLANTS
4. CLONE BREEDING AND VEGETATIVE REPRODUCTION OF TEA PLANT (THEA SINENSIS) IN THE CONDITIONS OF AZERBAIJAN
F.A. Guliyev
Tea growing in Azerbaijan is concentrated on an area of 5.33 thousand square kilometers, located within the Lankaran and Astara districts, including the districts of Astara, Lankaran, Masally, Lerik, Yardimly and Jalilabad. About 90% of Azerbaijani tea is produced in Lankaran, near the southern border with Iran. Tea was first grown in the Caspian region
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5. ACTIVE INGREDIENTS COMBINATIONS FOR PATHOGENS AND PESTS CONTROL ON EGGPLANT CROPS IN THE FIELD
M.A. Buzatu , G. Sbîrciog , St. Cristea and M. Costache
The present study aims to identify combinations of active substances for the complex control of pathogens and pests on eggplant crops in the field. The experiments were conducted between 2016 – 2017, in field conditions, using the variety of eggplant Luiza and the following experimental variants: V 1 – Acrobat MZ 69 WG 0.2% +
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5. EVALUATION OF THE DIFFERENT GENOTYPE OF BITTER GOURD IN THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA
P. Iliev, I. Ilieva and C. Staci
Bitter gourd ranks first among cucurbits and has great demand in international market, but not to spread in the Republic of Moldova despite this a due attention has not been given towards a need-based crop improvement. There is a prime need for Bitter gourd to evaluate cultivars suited to specific agro-ecological conditions. Three different genotypes
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III. FRUIT GROWING
6. BREEDING OF NEW PEAR WINTER CULTIVAR ‘PANDORA’
Nicolae Braniște and Mădălina Militaru
Psylla and fire blight resistance combined with fruit quality are still pearbreeding aims at Research Institute for Fruit Growing (RIFG) Pitești, Romania. The new pear cultivar ‘Pandora’ was registered in 2019, being released by interspecific hybridization between ‘Euras’ cv. [(PyrusserotinaxOlivier de Serres) x Doyenne d’hiver] and ‘Tse Li’ cv. (P.ussuriensis). The trees are medium vigor,
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III. FRUIT GROWING
6. ASSESSMENT OF AGRONOMIC PERFORMANCE OF PPV RESISTANT ‘HONEYSWEET’ TRANSGENIC PLUM IN ECOLOGICAL CONDITIONS OF THE NORTHERN ROMANIA
L.A. Zagrai, I. Zagrai, R. Scorza, M. Ravelonandro, C. Dardick and G. Guzu
‘HoneySweet’ is an RNAi based genetically engineered plum resistant to Plum pox virus (PPV). Field trials in different European PPV endemic countries clearly demonstrated that ‘HoneySweet’ plum shows a highly effective and durable resistance to PPV infection. No safety concerns were found by regulatory authorities in the U.S. Expanded studies to assess the agronomic performance
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7. PHYSICAL AND COMPOSITIONAL CHARACTERISTICS OF CHESTNUT FRUITS
S. Cosmulescu, I. Trandafir, V. Nour and M. Botu
Psylla and fire blight resistance combined with fruit quality are still pearbreeding aims at Research Institute for Fruit Growing (RIFG) Pitești, Romania. The new pear cultivar ‘Pandora’ was registered in 2019, being released by interspecific hybridization between ‘Euras’ cv. [(PyrusserotinaxOlivier de Serres) x Doyenne d’hiver] and ‘Tse Li’ cv. (P.ussuriensis). The trees are medium vigor,
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7. PERFORMANCE OF ROMANIAN PLUM CULTIVARS IN THE AGRO-ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS OF PLOVDIV, BULGARIA
M. Nesheva, V. Bozhkova and M. Butac
Successful plum production requires cultivars well adapted to the specific growing conditions in the area of production. Due to the interaction between environment and genotype, it is very important to evaluate the agronomical and pomological performance of all newly introduced cultivars. The current study aimed to describe the performance of five Romanian cultivars introduced in
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8. PRELIMINARY RESULTS REGARDING THE BEHAVIOUR OF SOME NEW APRICOT CULTIVARS IN BUCUREȘTI AREA
F. Stănică, A. C. Butcaru, C. A. Mihai, I. M. Florea and D. Șerban
The study presents the behaviour of 28 apricot cultivars planted in 2017 in the Experimental Field of the Faculty of Horticulture within the University of Agronomic Sciences and Veterinary Medicine of Bucharest. The foreign cultivars grafted on Myrobalan 29C, Saint Julien A and GF 677, were planted at 4.5 x 1.5 m and 3.5 x
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8. POMEGRANATE MOTH IS THE MOST DANGEROUS PEST OF POMEGRANATE BUSHES IN THE CONDITIONS OF THE WESTERN PART OF AZERBAIJAN
F.A. Guliyev and L.A.Huseynova
The pomegranate moth (Euzophera punicacella Mocre.) is the most widespread and well-known pest of pomegranate bushes in the western part of Azerbaijan. The loss of yield from the pomegranate moth (Euzophera punicacella Mocre.) in the pomegranate orchards of Azerbaijan often reaches significant sizes. The article provides data on the biology, prevalence, harmfulness of the pomegranate
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9. YIELD AND FRUIT QUALITY OF SOME PLUM CULTIVARSIN ECOLOGICAL SYSTEM
M. Butac and M. Chivu
The aim of this study was to assess the yield and fruits quality of plum produced in ecological system.In 2019-2020 periods the influence of different fertilizers (Biohumus, Macys BC 28 and Cifamin BK) on yield and fruits quality at three plum cultivars (‘Centenar’, ‘Tita’ and ‘Stanley’) was carried out in a demonstrative plot from Research
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9. PRECISION TECHNOLOGICAL INDICES FOR NUTRITION AND PLANT PROTECTION TECHNOLOGY FOR STRAWBERRIES GROWN IN THE OPEN FIELD
F.C Marin, E. Chiţu, M. Călinescu, M. Sumedrea, M. Sturzeanu, M. Militaru, I. Viscol and M. Coman
This paper presents the efforts carried out at Research Institute for Fruit Growing between 2020-2021, in order to assess the strawberry behaviour to the hydric and biocenotic stress to improve the water and nutrients use and to build precision driven technologies that can be transferred to the farmers. Thirteen strawberry cultivars and three promising hybrids
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10. STUDY ON THE ADAPTABILITY OF SOME BLUEBERRY CULTIVARS IN THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA
P. Sava and C. Caterenciuc
The paper is a scientific analysis of research conducted during the years 2015- 2018 in the Central Area of the Republic of Moldova on the adaptability of some blueberry cultivars (‘Blueray’, ‘Earliblue’, ‘Azur’, ‘Lax’), studying the key factors that must be known and performed to obtain a culture successfully, with quality fruit. As a result
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10. EVALUATION OF NEW APPLE CULTIVARS GROWN INROMANIAN NORTHEASTERN AREA
M. Corneanu, S. Sîrbu, E. Iurea, I. Mineață and I. E. Golache
The paper presents a 2-years study of the valuable characteristics in four foreign apple cultivars grown in northeastern Romania, named Moldavia area. The phenological stages, quality traits of fruits and some chemical parameters were evaluated. Start flowering was determined at April 17th (’Resse’), while end of flowering was identified the period April 27th -28th. Period
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11. WALNUT CULTIVARS WITH PERSPECTIVES FOR ECOLOGICAL CULTURE IN ROMANIA
M. Botu, S. Giura, A. Scutelnicu, G. Achim, S. Cosmulescu and I. Botu
The objectives of the present study were to analyze the behavior of 11 Romanian walnut cultivars and one French cultivar (‘Franquette’) in North East of Oltenia, under conventional and during conversion to organic nut production. During conventional growing, the highest mean yields were recorded for ‘Jupânești’ (2.88 t/ha), ‘Valcor’ (2.77 t/ha), ‘Verisval’ (2.58 t/ha), ‘Unival’
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IV. VITICULTURE AND OENOLOGY
11. GRAPE POMANCE GENERATION FROM GRAPE CULTIVARS CULTIVATED IN TÂRNAVE VINEYARDS IN THE FRAMEWORK OF THE CLIMATE CHANGE
L. L. Tomoiagă, M.L. Iliescu, H. S. Răcoare, V. Botea, A. D. Sîrbu, G. Puşcă and V. S Chedea
Grape pomace is a by-product obtained from the technological processing of grapes and represents on average 20% of the total amount of grapes taken for winemaking. Due to the medical, food and cosmetic interest in the valorisation of grape pomace, the present study presents the percentage of pomace resulting, the yield of must and the
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12. EVALUATION OF THE AGROBIOLOGICAL AND TECHNOLOGICAL POTENTIAL OF SOME VALUABLE HYBRID ELITE OBTAINED AT R.D.S.V.O. ODOBEŞTI
I. Bosoi and M. Puşcalău
Over time at Research and Development Stationfor Viticulture and Oenology Odobeşti, numerous intra- and interspecific sexual hybridizations have been carried out, in order to obtain new cultivars, with high productive and qualitative potential, with disease tolerances, resistant to stress factors, very well adapted to the climatic conditions specific to Vrancea vineyards.Thus, valuable hybrid elites were
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12. FRUIT QUALITY CHARACTERISTICS OF THE BULGARIAN SWEET CHERRY CULTIVAR ‘ROZALINA’
S. Savchovska and M. Nesheva
Sweet cherry (Prunus avium L.) is one of the most commercially important Prunus fruit tree species grown in Bulgaria. The current study aimed to describe the fruit quality of the Bulgarian bicolor sweet cherry cultivar ‘Rozalina’. The study was conducted in 2021 and ‘Van’ and ‘Pobeda Krimska’ were used for comparison. The phenological stages flow,
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13. ANTHOCYANINS PROFILES OF SOME AUTOCHTONOUS GRAPEVINE CULTIVARS FOR RED WINES, CULTIVATED AT DRĂGĂȘANI, ROMÂNIA
F. Tutulescu and A. Popa
The Dragasani vineyard is one of the most ancient existing in Romania being famous for obtaining red and white wines of the highest quality. The present study has performed during five years (2005-2009), focusing on the anthocyanin profiles of the autochthonous Novac grapevine cultivar, in comparison with Cabernet Sauvignon cultivar which, also provides wines of
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13. PHEROMONE MONITORING OF HARMFUL LEPIDOPTERAE PRESENT IN BISTRITA AREA IN APPLE AND PLUM ORCHARDS
S.D. Rosu-Mares, M. Pojar Feneșan, I. Ciotlaus, A. Balea, And A. Andreica
This study investigates the Lepidoptera order representatives among the pests present in apple and plum orchards in the central and northern part of the Bistrita region. This study aimed to find out which ones of the Lepidoptera pests are present in the area and what is their population density. By field trapping of moths and
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14. THE INFLUENCE OF CLIMATIC CONDITIONS ON OENOLOGICAL PARAMETERS OF SOME WINE CULTIVARS FROM DIFFERENT ROMANIAN VINEYEARD
P. A. Onache, D.I. Sumedrea, A. Florea and A. Tănase
A study concerning the influence of climatic conditions on the oenological parameters of wine cultivars was carried out using six wine cultivars under the climatic conditions of 2019. Wine samples were taken from Ştefăneşti–Argeş, Babadag and Drăgăşani viticultural centres. Determination of the oenological parameters has been made for the following wine cultivars: Riesling Italian, Fetească
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IV.VITICULTURE AND OENOLOGY
14. THE STUDY REGARDING THE AGROBIOLOGICAL AND TECHNOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF SOME HYBRID ELITES FOR TABLE GRAPES OBTAINED AT N.R.D.I.B.H.-STEFANESTI
C. M. Ciobotea, D. Sumedrea, A. Bădulescu, R. Stan, M. Bănuță, M. Negru and A. Florea
This paper aims to highlight the superior agrobiological and technological potential of hybrid genotypes, obtained by intraspecific hybridization of cultivars ‘Victoria’ x ‘Black Pearl’, ‘Muscat de Poloskei’ x ‘Victoria’, ‘Coarnă neagră’ x ‘Victoria’, ‘Victoria’ x ‘Victoria’. Several genotypes resulted from the hybridization of the mentioned cultivars, which stood out through at least two characters, similar
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15. THE INFLUENCE OF HAIL AND TREATMENTS WITH AMINO-ACIDS ON THE FERTILITY AND BIOLOGIC BALANCE OF GRAPEVINES
S. Baniță, A. Sestraș, I. Olteanu, Am. Călugăr and C.I. Bunea
Climatic accidents increase in frequency due to climatic changes. Hailstorms are typically localized events and are known few studies about their effect on grapevine. The objective of this study was to examine the vine vegetative balance responses to natural hail, registered when shoots were 10-15 cm height. Four grape cultivars (Vitis vinifera L.), two for
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15. RESEARCH REGARDING THE VALORIZATION OF MARINE AND WINE BYPRODUCTS FOR OBTAINING ORGANIC FERTILIZERS
V. Artem, A. Ranca, M.A. Ciocan and T. Negreanu–Pirjol
The theme approached in this study is part of the state-of-the-art concerns regarding the valorization of by-products that represent a problem for the environment, due to the constant production and limited exploitation. The purpose of this paper was to render useful marine and wine by-products, in order to obtain fertilizers with applicability in the cultivation
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16. SELECTION OF AUTOCHTHONOUS SACCHAROMYCES AND NON-SACCHAROMYCES YEASTS STRAINS ACCORDING TO THEIR EXTRACELLULAR ENZIMATIC ACTIVITY
E. Brȋnduşe , M.Ion, C. L. Nedelcu, L. Fȋciu and A. Pantazi
The aim of the present study was to investigate the production of extracellular enzymes in a number of twenty six autochtonous Saccharomyces and non- Saccharomyces strains selected in Dealu Mare region for wine production. The strains were screened for the production of extracellular b-glucosidase, esterase, pectinase and protease activity by inoculation the yeast strains onto
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16. THE EFFECT OF BIOSTIMULANTS ON VIRUS-INFECTED GRAPEVINE MAINTAINED IN GREENHOUSE CONDITIONS
I.D. Sărdărescu
More than 80 viruses are reported as causing damage to the grapevine, but some of them are rare and cause negligible damages. However, other viruses are veritable pathogens for this crop, affecting the production quantity and quality, such as: grapevine leafroll-associated virus serotype 1+3 (GLRaV-1+3), grapevine fleck virus (GFkV), and grapevine fanleaf virus (GFLV). In
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17. DETERMINATION OF HEAVY METALS CONCENTRATION IN WINE USING INDUCTIVELY COUPLED PLASMA MASS SPECTROMETRY (ICP-MS)
F.D. Bora, A. Ciubucă, G.Tăbăranu, V. Enache, O. Cioroi, A. Murǎraşu, G.G. Ciocan and S.N. Noapteș
The determination of metals in different type of wines is of high importance for the nutritional, as well as toxic effects of these elements. The main purpose of this research is to determine the concentration of Cu, Fe, Mn, Cd, Zn and Pb in wine. The analyzed samples were wine samples obtained under micro-vinification conditions
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17. STUDIES ON THE BEHAVIOR OF A NEW WINE GRAPE HYBRID ELITE IN THE CLIMATIC CONDITIONS OF THE COPOU-IASI VITICULTURAL CENTER
R. Filimon, D. Damian, A. Nechita and V. R. Filimon
Climatic factors of the ecosystem directly influence the vegetative development of the grapevine, the production obtained, and its quality. Obtaining new genotypes with high ecological plasticity, superior yield and quality, and biological resistance can be achieved by continuously improving the existing assortment of grapevine cultivars. The crossbred of the valuable genitors and the selection of
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18. BEHAVIOR OF SOME GRAPEVINE CULTIVARS FROM MURFATLAR VINEYARD IN THE SPECIAL CLIMATIC CONDITIONS OF THE WINE YEAR 2019-2020
I. Dina, A. Ranca, A. Tănase and S.A. Ene
The climate changes in Murfatlar vineyard in recent years consist inthe increase ofmonthly average temperatures, recorded in both cold and warm seasons, accompanied by an irregular distribution of rainfall during the year, which significantly influences the growth of grapevine, the quality and production of grapes.Six representative cultivars were studied, three for white wines: Chardonnay, Columna
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18. IDENTIFICATION BY PLATE CULTURE METHOD OF THE FUNGAL PATHOGENS CAUSING THE GRAPEVINE TRUNK DISEASES IN ROMANIAN VINEYARDS
M. Comșa, L.L Tomoiagă, V. Botea, Al. Sîrbu, D. Dobromir, I. Vasiu and V.S. Chedea
The aim of this study was the identification the pathogenic fungi causing the grapevine trunk diseases (GTD) in some Romanian vineyards. Twenty-one samples of biological material (bark, canes, and trunk wood) were collected from Tarnave, Aiud, Minis and Sarica Niculitel vineyards. Petri dish culture method was used to grow the fungi, inoculated at the central
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19. OENOLOGICAL CHARACTERIZATION OF SOME YEAST STRAINS ISOLATED FROM THE IAȘI VINEYARD ROMANIA
A.Nechita, V. R. Filimon , R. Pașa, D. Damian, G. Zaldea, R. Filimon and M. Zaiț
non-Saccharomyces yeasts isolated from different stages of the natural must fermentation process. Screening of extracellular enzymatic activities was performed on agarized media in which the following substrates were added: arbutin, cellobiose, Tween 80, tributyrin, casein and citrus pectin, to highlight the activity of enzymes: ßglucosidase, esterase, lipase, protease and pectinase. Among the 30 Saccharomyces cerevisae
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19. EVALUATION OF OXATHIAPIPROLIN FOR THE MANAGEMENT OF GRAPEVINE DOWNY MILDEW
I. Voiculescu, A. Pantazi and R. Goguţ
Downy mildew is a yield-limiting disease of grapevine, caused by the pathogen Plasmopara viticola. Oxathiapiprolin, the first member of the piperidinyl thiazole isoxazoline fungicides, was evaluated for efficacy on downy mildew in a field trial conducted in 2021 at the Research and Development Institute for Viticulture and Oenology Valea Calugareasca. Throughout the study, the rate
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20. INFLUENCE OF CLIMATE FACTORS ON YIELD AND QUALITY OF SOME VINE CULTIVARS FROM THE ȘTEFĂNEȘTI CENTER
A. Bădulescu, D.I. Sumedrea, A. Florea, A. Onache and A. Tanase
The influence of climatic factors on grape yield, fertility indicators of grapes (absolute coefficient of fertility, relative coefficient of fertility, absolute productivity indices, relative productivity indices), but also sugar and total acidity content in three cultivars of ‘Fetească’ (‘Fetească Albă’, ‘Fetească Neagră’ and ‘Fetească Regală’, respectively) was evaluated during 2016-2020 2016 period at the experimental
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20. THE INFLUENCE OF NEW YEAST STRAINS FROM THE INDIGENOUS FLORA OF ”TRIFESHTI” VINEYARD ON THE ALCOHOLIC FERMENTATION PROCESS
O.V. Soldatenco and N.G. Taran
The use of selected yeasts for winemaking has clear advantages over traditional spontaneous fermentation. The selection of wine yeasts is usually carried out within the Saccharomyces cerevisiae species. Yeast strains produce different amounts of secondary compounds that impart specific characteristics to the wines. This suggests that it is necessary to isolate naturally occurring autochthons strains,
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V. FLORICULTURE, ORNAMENTAL PLANTS, LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE
21. EFFECT OF CONVENTIONAL FERTILIZATION AND INTEGRATED NUTRIENT MANAGEMENT IN THE HELICHRYSUM ORIENTALE (L.) VAILL. (ASTERACEAE), A GREEK NATIVE CHASMOPHYTE WITH ORNAMENTAL AND MEDICINAL POTENTIAL
G. Tsoktouridis, I. Samartza, E. Maloupa and N. Krigas
Helichrysum orientale (L.) Vaill. is a perennial wild-growing chasmophyte of the Eastern Mediterranean region, which shows great potential for utilization in floriculture, pharmacology and cosmetology. This research aimed to study the effect of conventional (chemical) fertilization and integrated nutrient management on the growth of specific characteristics of H. orientale plants, after the natural flowering period
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V. FLORICULTURE, ORNAMENTAL PLANTS, LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE
21. STUDIES REGARDING A VARIETAL ASSORTMENT OF POTTED CHRYSANTHEMUM
M. Cantor, T. Hitter (Buru), Z. Szekely-Varga and E. Buta
Chrysanthemum is one of the major crops in the word and it is grown for two basic ways for cut flowers and potted plants, depending of market demand. In the last years the cultivated areas with Chrysanthemum have gained a significant growth. Also, due to the progress made in the selection of chrysanthemum, in order
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VI. POSTHARVEST
22. EFFECT OF DEFICIT IRRIGATION ON QUALITY INDICATORS OF APRICOT FRUITS AFTER HARVESTING AND STORAGE
L. Septar, C. Moale, C. Gavat. I. Caplan and M. Stanca
Trees irrigation is one of the major activities because the fruit production is proportional to water use. The current decrease of water resources leads to the urgent need to adopt a strategy which could be applied to efficiently utilize water without affecting the growth, yield and fruit quality. Therefore, deficit irrigation is an alternative. The
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22. EFFECT OF GIBBERELLIC ACID ON THE SEED GERMINATION OF LAVANDULA ANGUSTIFOLIA MILL.
Zs. Szekely-Varga, E. Kentelky and M. Cantor
Lavandula angustifolia Mill. is a perennial plant, which is part of the Lamiaceae family, it is known as a medicinal and aromatic plant, however in recent years it can be found as landscaping, cut flower, or even in the art of culinary. This majestic plant propagation by seeds is a slow, hard difficult stage, for
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23. POSTHARVEST QUALITY OF STRAWBERRY FRUITS GROWN IN CONV ENTIONAL SYSTEM
M. Sturzeanu
The objective of the study was to evaluate some postharvest parameters of fruit quality at seven strawberry cvs., (‘Alba’, ‘Clery’, ‘Coral’, ‘Magic’, ‘Premial’, ‘Queen Elisa’, ‘Record’) grown at RIFG Pitești, Romania in open field, in the 2016-2018 period. The storage method included three days in normal refrigeration condition (2-4ºC) followed by one day at room
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23. THE INFLUENCE OF SOME ROOTING BIOSTIMULATORS ON CHRYSANTHEMUM CULTIVARS VIA STEM CUTTINGS
M. Cantor, T. Buru, Zs. Szekely-Varga, and E. Buta
Chrysanthemum is one of the top cultivated flowers, the undisputed queen of gardens in the autumn season. Due to its exceptional decorative qualities having a special range of shapes and colors, storage resistance, suitability in different cultivation systems and the possibility of cultivation all over the year chrysanthemum is one of the most loved and
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VI.POSTHARVEST
24. INFLUENCE OF WRAPPING AND STORAGE CONDITIONS ON THE SHELF LIFE AND CHEMICAL FRUIT QUALITY OF MANGO
M.R. Khan And R. Alam
The intention of this post-harvest analysis was to see how the interaction of wrapping materials and storage requirements influenced the shelf life and chemical fruit quality of the ‘Khirsapat’ mango. ‘Khirsapat’ mangoes were harvested when they were fully mature and wrapped in various materials, viz. Low-density polyethylene (LDPE) + No perforation, LDPE + 5 %
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25. BEHAVIOR IN DIFFERENT STORAGE CONDITIONS OF ROMANIAN TOMATO HYBRID ‘SIRIANA’ GRAFTED ON DIFFERENT ROOTSTOCKS
M. Doltu, E.C. Dragomir and V. Tănasă
Vegetable growers from Romania obtain the average tomato productions from grafted crops are with 25–50% higher compared to the productions from non-grafted crops. The grafted tomato production must be managed through a profitable capitalization in a fresh state on the local market. Post-harvest temperature and other factors influence the lifespan and quality of tomato fruit.
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