Romanian Journal of Horticulture – Vol. 3 – 2022

1. Identification of Arisaema Species by leaf arrangement and molecular markers
H.M. Kim, S.H. Ma, Y.H. Joung, J.K. Suh and M.S. Roh
The objectives of this study were to identify three Arisaema amurense, A. ringens and A. triphyllum specious based on molecular markers and to select accessions with unique morphological characters. Tentative identification based on leaf morphology was verified using single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) generated from sequence analysis of the nuclear transcribed spacer of rDNA gene (nrITS)
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2. Current advances in understanding the Grapevine Pinot gris virus
I.C. Guță, E.C. Buciumeanu and L.M. Ciripan
Grapevine virus diseases are widely spread in all viticultural areas of the world and they are considered detrimental, their presence is the most limiting factor of plants performances and vineyard life lasting. A large number of viruses have been identified in grapevine. From them, reported for the first time in 2012, Grapevine Pinot gris virus
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3. Influence of viral infection on the quality of grapes at harvest
S.P. Barbu, I. Bãlãnescu and G. Tudor
A major concern in the grape breeding programs is represented by the impact of the viral infections in the vineyards performance and the importance of producing virus-free material, measure controlled and regulated also by the governmental institutions. The aim of this study was to identify the presence of the most common and damaging viruses, active
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4. Behaviour of several chokeberry cultivars (Aronia melanocarpa) at the in vitro micropropagation
Zs. Jakab I., L.D. Vlași and A.M. Chiorean
Successful micropropagation of black chokeberry (Aronia melanocarpa) cultivars ‘Nero’, ‘Melrom’ and ‘Galicjanka’ was realized using young shoots with the aim of an optimized hormones concentration for initiation, multiplication and rooting phases. Good potential of initiation was observed at ‘Nero’ and ‘Galicjanka’ cultivars, respectively of shoots regeneration at ‘Galicjanka’ and ‘Melrom’ cultivars. Results showed that the
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5. Identification and characterization of some yeast strains from the Stefanesti – Arges Vineyard
A.E. Manolescu, O.A Boiu-Sicuia, D.I. Sumedrea and C.F. Popescu
The purpose of the present work was to identify and characterize several yeast strains useful in fermentation process and present in the Stefanesti-Arges vineyards. The biological material used was freshly squeezed grape must from the white wine grape cultivar, ‘Fetească regală’ one of the most widespread and appreciated cultivars for wine in the Arges region.
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6. Effect of different types of the medium on micropropagation of Ixora coccinea L.
R.A.H. Onsa, I. Ae. Abdellatif and M. Ge. Osman
Ixora coccinea is one of the important ornamental plants, commercially propagated by stem cuttings. This study aims to determine the effects of different media on micropropagation and rooting and to investigate the genetic fidelity of regenerated plants using the Inter Simple Sequence Repeat (ISSR) marker. For this purpose, Murashige and Skoog (MS), and Woody Plant
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7. Low-Cost Gelling Agent in Tissue Culture Technology for the Orchid Regeneration
P.U. Kumara, A.G.K.K.M.W. Atapattu, H.M.I. Herath, D.L.C.K. Fonseka, K.K.I.U. Aruna Kumara, and F.M.M.T. Marikar
Orchid is one of the most important cut flowers, grown in Sri Lanka for export and local market. One of the majors constrains in expanding the orchid cultivation is limited supply of quality planting materials. Micropropagation techniques can be successfully applied for mass propagation of orchids by the micropropagation is expensive thus increase the cost
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8. Genetic and agronomic approaches to control Orobanche and Phelipanche spp. parasitic weeds in vegetables and legumes
A. Cuccurullo, A. Nicolia, M. Vurro and T. Cardi
Broomrapes (Orobanche and Phelipanche spp.) rely on the presence of a host plant for nourishment. Based on the release of specific molecules by the crop plant, their seeds germinate and eventually establish a vascular connection with host roots through a haustorium. Therefore, they deprive their hosts of water and nutrients, posing a severe threat to
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9. Evaluation of some bio-pesticides for eco-friendly management of brinjal shoot and fruit borer (Leucinodes orbonalis Guen.) in the northwest region of Bangladesh
R. Alam, M.R. Khan, M.N. Khan and S. Jamil
It is extremely challenging to control the Leucinodes orbonalis Guenee, also known as the brinjal shoot and fruit borer (BSFB) in brinjal cultivation. Considering the prevailing dangerous effects of chemical pesticides on human health and ecology, biopesticides can be an effective weapon to sustain against BSFB. Among the different types of biopesticides, Spinosad was found
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10. The study of Perillus bioculatus F. (Heteroptera, Pentatomidae) population as a potential key factor in the development of biological management strategies for Leptinotarsa decemlineata Say at Solanum melongena L.
G.A. Iosob and T.O. Cristea
Perillus bioculatus F. (Heteroptera, Pentatomidae), or the two-spotted stink bug, is considered an important predator of Colorado potato beetle egg masses, larvae and adults. He is attracted to the volatile substances emitted by damaged plants. In Bacau County, the species was observed in 2022 in the eggplant culture at Vegetable Research and Development Station Bacau,
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11. Evaluation of the D19 pumpkin genotype (Cucurbita maxima L.), under the conditions of cultivation on the sandy soils of the southwest of Oltenia
Ș. Nanu, A.N. Paraschiv, F.C. Frătuțu and L.M. Sfîrloagă
The need for breeding research to obtain new cultivars of baking pumpkin results from the fact that in the Official Catalog of Cultivated Plant Cultivars in Romania, edition 2021, there are only 4 cultivars: ‘Alb mare’, ‘Dorin’, ‘Baron’ and ‘Tudor’. As a result, at Dabuleni Research-Development Station for Plant Culture on Sands (RDSPCS), in the
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12. The effect of fertilization on the quantity and quality yield of some Romanian tomato cultivars grown in the greenhouse
A. Florea, I. Scurtu, D.I. Sumedrea, M. Negru, M. Oprea and A. Bădulescu
The present paper studied the influence of mineral or organic fertilizers, applied together or separately, to soil or foliar administered in three applications between 51-89 BBCH, on the processes of flowering, growth, and fruiting of three cultivars of tomato grown in protected space at the National Institute of Research Development for Biotechnologies in Horticulture Stefanesti.
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13. The influence of some Capsicum rootstocks on bell pepper crops
M. Doltu and V. Tănasă
Bell pepper has an important content of vitamins (C, A, E and B), minerals and sugar. It ranks the fourth place in Romania, after tomatoes, onions and cabbage. Grafted bell pepper crops from Romania obtain higher productions compared to nongrafted bell pepper crops. The objective of the paper has been to establish the effect of
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14. Evaluation of different potato cultivars and fungicide combinations for potato late blight (Phytophthora infestans) control in central part of Romania
M. Hermeziu
National Institute of Research and Development for Potato and Sugar Beet Brasov is working constantly to create new potato cultivars adapted to changing climatic conditions, with high yield and resistance to diseases, suitable to the quantitative and qualitative demands of consumers. Field experiments were carried out in the years 2018 – 2019 using a complete
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15. Model-based assessment of Romania’s climatic suitability for the extension of fig, Chinese persimmon and jujube crops
E. Chitu, M. Calinescu, I. Mazilu , M. Coman and E. Mateescu
The warming trends of Romania’s climate create favourable conditions for growing sub-tropical species. Meanwhile, low temperatures during the winter period do not always follow a similar increasing tendency throughout the country. The objective of this work was to use some models that would identify areas where climate conditions are likely to be suitable for fig,
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16. The influence of different fertilizer schemes on ‘Haschberg’ European elderberry growth and fruit production
V. Mitre, Á.I. Szabó, L. Lukács, A.F. Andrecan, S. Rózsa, C. Negrușier and O. Borsai
Due to their nutritional and therapeutic properties of the fruits, elderberry orchards started to gain more and more ground in Romania as well. Therefore, the purpose of this research was to improve soil quality and yield production in an elderberry orchard from Carastelec by applying both organic and mineral fertilizers. For this purpose, five fertilization
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17. Fruit quality assessment of some Romanian pear cultivars
E. Mareși, M. Militaru, M. Butac and A. Stan
Similar to apple, pear is one of the most important horticultural crops with high nutritional and economical value. The biological and economic traits of the specie, as well as the fruits quality, make the pear growing much appreciated and to be given an increasing importance. Five pear cultivars (‘Paramis’, ‘Paradox’, ‘Paradise’, ‘Isadora’, ‘Pandora’) registered in
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18. Improving the assortment of table grape cultivars with new clones with increased adaptability to the current climate changes
A.M. Ranca, T.S. Cosma and A.M. Tănase
In Romania, in the last three decades, it was registered a decrease of the vineyards surfaces planted with table grapes, this generating an increase in imports of this very healthy aliment. At the same time, the climate changes registered in recent years such as dry periods alternating with torrential rains, or climatic accidents which affected
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19. Assessment of the content in volatile substances in dry white and red wines obtained with different yeast strains from the “Trifeshti” wine center
O. Soldatenco and N. Taran
Saccharomyces cerevisiae is the predominant yeast species in spontaneous wine fermentations and thus it is the main responsible for the chemical and sensory properties of wines. The use of autochthonous yeast strains, besides assuring the maintenance of the typical sensory properties of the wines of any given region, can contribute to promoting or retaining the
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20. Research concerning the behavior of table grape cultivars grown on the sandy soils of Southern Oltenia
M.F. Băjenaru, A.N. Paraschiv, C. Bîrsoghe, M.D. Șerban and I. Rățoi
The current study aimed to describe the performance of five table grape cvs. recently introduced in the agro-environmental conditions of southern Oltenia. These cultivars were: ‘Napoca’, ’Otilia’, ‘Prima Cl. 1022’, ‘Perla de Zala’ and ‘Moldova’, belonging to the ampelographic collection of the Dabuleni Research-Development Station for Plant Culture on Sands. ‘Victoria’ cv., was taken as
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21. The management of Phomopsis viticola in Tarnave vineyards
V. Botea, L. L. Tomoiagă, I. Vasiu, A. D. Sîrbu, H. S. Răcoare and V. S. Chedea
Phomopsis viticola, in poorly managed vineyards, can produce a lot of damage due to its year-to-year infection pattern. In combination with a high spore reserve from the previous year, this causes reduced grape yields. This study aims to assess the Phomopsis viticola attack in Tarnave vineyards during May-July 2020. The data (frequency and intensity of
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22. Assessment of the technological performance of some Saccharomyces and non-Saccharomyces indigenous yeast strains
A. Nechita, R. Pașa, R.V. Filimon, F. Manolache, C.B. Nechita, R.M. Filimon, G. Zaldea and D. Damian
The study aimed to assess the technological potential of four indigenous Saccharomyces cerevisiae strains (S. cer. 4.1.11, S. cer. 4.3, S. cer. 4.6 and S. cer. 4.10), as possible sources for starter cultures. The experiments were carried out at micropilot level on the natural must of ‘Fetească albă’ cultivar. The evaluation of the yeasts was
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23. Rootstock influence on the young grafted vine development
C. Burlacu and S.P. Barbu
The importance of the technology in vine planting material production, the efficiency in the grafting process, and the quality of the resulted material are becoming interesting objectives in the field of viticultural research in Romania. The modern technologies are trying to be based more on mechanical grafting and less on human manual labor due to
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24. The impact of some innovative technological solutions on the quantity and quality of the grape production
L. Fîciu, A. Șerdinescu and L. Pîrcălabu
The experiment, carried out during 2018-2019 in Valea Calugareasca viticultural center, aimed to establish some innovative technological solutions concerning the vine phytosanitary protection, soil maintenance system and vine fertilization able to provide an increase of quantity and quality of grape production. The cultivars taken into study were ‘Merlot’ and ‘Feteascǎ albǎ’. Compared to the classical
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25. Research on the reduction of SO2 doses in winemaking using lysozyme and oenological tannin
V. Artem, A. Ranca, M. Cosma, And L. Enache
The effect of reducing the dose of sulfur dioxide on the physico-chemical and organoleptic properties of wines with Murfatlar controlled designation of origin was studied in this paper, experimenting with different prefermentative oenological treatments. For this purpose, a series of experimental variants was carried out on two Romanian grape cultivars for white wines (‘Fetească regală’)
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26. Effect of melatonin application on biochemical changes and maintaining the quality of persimmon
E. Bal and A.İ. Torçuk
The purpose of this study is to determine the effects of melatonin dips on cold storage of the non-astringent ‘Fuyu’ persimmon cultivar. Persimmon fruits were subjected to different concentrations of melatonin (0 (control), 0.01, 0.1, and 1 mmol l−1 melatonin) and then stored at 0-1oC and 90-95 % relative humidity (RH) for 80 days. Weight
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