Romanian Journal of Horticulture – Vol. 4 – 2023

I. BIOTECHNOLOGY
1. MICROPROPAGATION AND MOLECULAR CHARACTERIZATION OF HYPERICUM PERFORATUM L. SUBSP. VERONENSE (SCHRANK) H.LINDB., A VALUABLE MEDICINAL PLANT WITH ORNAMENTAL VALUE
T. T. Tzatzani, I. Michail, I. Samartza, N. Krigas and G. Tsoktouridis
St. John’s wort (Hypericum perforatum) is a perennial species with a worldwide interest due to its pharmaceutical characteristics which is also of ornamental value for gardening with native elements. Given that in vitro culture allows mass multiplication of selected genotypes, we investigated the micropropagation of the ex situ cultivated Greek native H. perforatum subsp. veronense
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2. VIABILITY AND GERMINATION OF CUCURBITA OKEECHOBEENSIS MARTINEZII SEEDS AN ENDANGERED WILD SPECIES FROM MÉXICO
D.A. Badillo-López, L.G. Iglesias Andreu and O. Márquez-Fernández
Cucurbita okeechobeensis martinezii (L.H. Bailey) is an endangered Mexican wild species. To contribute to its conservation, specimens were prospected in three areas of cloud forest in Veracruz, Mexico. A completely randomized design was established to evaluate the viability of TTZ seeds and the effect of three LED light spectra on the in vitro germination of
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3. THE INFLUENCE OF LED LIGHT SPECTRA ON THE IN VITRO GROWTH OF GRAPEVINE PLANTS
M. Dubceac and С. Losmanschii
In this study, the influence of different LED light spectra on the rooting, growth, and development processes of grapevine shoots under in vitro culture conditions were investigated. Photometric measurements were conducted for three types of LED-based artificial light sources (Osram, Germany), with variations in parameters such as PPFD, DLI, and color temperature (T). The study
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II. VEGETABLE, AROMATIC AND MEDICINAL PLANTS
4. EVALUATION OF THE EFFECTIVENESS OF SOME ACARICIDES IN THE CONTROL OF THE TWO-SPOTTED SPIDER MITE (TETRANYCHUS URTICAE KOCH) ON SQUASH CROPS UNDER HIGH PLASTIC TUNNELS
S. Hogea, G. Șovărel, E. Cenușă and M. Costache
The two-spotted spider mite (Tetranychus urticae Koch) is an important pest present in squash crops under high plastic tunnels and in the field, that can reduce yield quantitatively and depreciating it qualitatively. The attack is frequent in dry and hot years, reaching a maximum development in the months of July-August. On the leaves, following the
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5. EFFECT OF DIFFERENT ORGANIC AND INORGANIC FERTILIZERS ON THE ENHANCEMENT OF GROWTH AND YIELD OF CUCUMBER
O. Sangam, T.Regmi, S.Bhandari, S.Neupane, S.Khadka, M.Basnet, S.Rijal, S.P.Singh Yadav and S.Katel
The present research aimed to investigate the impact of both organic and inorganic fertilizers on cucumber growth and yield. The experiment followed a randomized complete block design with three replications, involving seven treatment combinations: T1 (control), T2 (FYM), T3 (Vermicompost), T4 (NPK), T5 (NPK + 0.5% B), T6 (NPK + 0.5% Ca), and T7 (NPK
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6. THE ROLE OF BIOSTIMULANTS IN THE FERTILIZATION PROGRAM IN EGGPLANT
D.C. Constantin, M.C. Gheorghe, M.A. Buzatu and I. Scurtu
Seaweed-based biostimulants have the potential to stimulate the growth and development of young plants and increase plant resistance to stress induced by abiotic factors, such as drought or high temperatures, due to their rich content in macro and microelements, in phytohormones and in plant essential aminoacids. In the present experience, we aimed to study the
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III. FRUIT GROWING
7. OVERVIEW OF THE SCIENTIFIC RESULTS IN THE FIELD OF SHRUBS CROPS IN THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA
S. Parascovia
The paper presents the results analysis of evolution stages on Fruit Growing Institution created in 1910 and of the scientific research carried out, as well as the contribution of scientists in the development of shrub species cultivation within Scientific Research Institute of Fruit Growing, Viticulture and Winemaking in Moldova during the 1946 to present, which
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8. RESULTS REGARDING COMPATIBILITY OF SOME PLUM CULTIVARS GRAFTED ON DIFFERENT ROOTSTOCKS
M. Butac, B. Zamfirescu and S. Nicolae
In Romania, the most used plum rootstock, ‘Mirobalan’ does not any problems in terms of graft compatibility and that is why it is widely used. However, it was found that this generative rootstock has low compatibility with the ‘Tuleu gras’ cv. and with all the plum cultivars obtained from it. In this paper, we study
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9. THE BEHAVIOUR OF SOME PLUM CULTIVARS TO BROWN ROT FRUIT INFECTION IN NORTHERN TRANSYLVANIA
C. Moldovan, S.D. Roșu-Mareș, G.M. Guzu, L.A. Zagrai, I. Zagrai, A.M. Chiorean and A. Maxim
The plum tree (Prunus domestica L.) is the dominant fruit tree species in Romania, according to the FAOSTAT (2021) data base. Globally, Romania ranks the second place after China at the top of major plum growing countries. This species is susceptible to various economically impactful diseases such as brown rot, produced by Monilinia spp. Climatic
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10. RESEARCH ON THE MONITORING THE ATTACK OF COCCOMYCES HIEMALIS SIN. BLUMERIA JAAPI IN SOME CULTIVARS OF CHERRY
S.M. Chelaru, E. Ulea, A.M. Florea, C.I. Turcu,I. Perju and A. Aftudor Manolache
Research on the monitoring of the pathogen Coccomyces hiemalis sin. Blumeria jaapi took place on the territory of the Research Station for Fruit Growing Iasi, within the research polygon. The observations were made on 5 cultivars approved at RSFG Iasi and belong to the category of early ripening cultivars. ‘Cetățuia’, ‘Cătălina’, ‘Andreias’, ‘Cociuvas’ and ‘Mihailis’
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11. THE BEHAVIOR OF HAZELNUT CULTIVARS IN THE ECO-PEDOCLIMATIC CONDITIONS OF THE BUCHAREST AREA
F. Stănică, C.A. Mihai, E.C. Prodan and A.C. Butcaru
Hazelnut is an essential species for nut production worldwide; extensive orchard areas have recently been planted in Romania. To choose the best cultivars to be grown in the future, a study was done on the behavior of seven hazelnut cultivars in the eco-pedoclimatic conditions of the Bucharest area. ‘Hall’s Giant’, ‘Tonda Gentile delle Langhe’, ‘Romavel’,
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IV. VITICULTURE AND OENOLOGY
12. EVALUATION OF THE AMPELOGRAPHIC CHARACTERISTICS OF THE NEW ACCESSIONS INTRODUCED IN GRAPEVINE GERMPLASM COLLECTION (VITIS VINIFERA L.)
A.M. Ilina (Dumitru), A.E. Manolescu, D.I. Sumedrea, C.F. Popescu and S.N. Cosmulescu
The characterization of 22 grapevine accessions (Vitis vinifera L.), considered old, autochthonous and in danger for extinction, was performed using 49 OIV descriptors. The evaluation of the ampelographic descriptors for the young shoot, the young and mature leaf, the bunch, as well as some production and quality parameters, highlighted the diversity of the epigenetic characteristics
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13. DACICUS, NEW GRAPE CULTIVAR FOR WHITE WINES, WITH GENETIC RESISTANCE TO CRYPTOGAMIC DISEASES
M. Pușcalău, I. Bosoi , L. Rotaru and C.A. Dîrloman
In the context of the current global and zonal climate changes, the practice of sustainable viticulture by capitalizing on the ecopedoclimatic conditions specific to each viticultural area and reducing the amounts of pesticides applied through phytosanitary treatments, requires the obtaining and promoting practice of new vine cultivars with complex biological resistance, with qualitative potential and
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14. THE VALORIZATION OF VITICULTURAL RESOURCES TAKING INTO ACCOUNT THE NEED TO ADAPT TO CLIMATE CHANGE
E. Alexandrov
Anthropogenic activity significantly disrupts the composition and quantity of greenhouse gases in the environment. The increase in the concentration of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere, as a result of industrial activity, contributes to the strengthening of the greenhouse effect, and finally, the additional warming of the atmosphere takes place. The amount of greenhouse gases in
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15. THE STUDY REGARDING THE AGROBIOLOGICAL AND TECHNOLOGICAL PROPERTIES OF SOME CLONAL ELITES FOR TABLE GRAPES, UNDER THE CONDITIONS OF THE MURFATLAR VINEYARD
A. Negraru (Tănase), A. Ranca, M. Botu, A. Negraru, T. Ș. Cosma and I. Dina
At the Research and Development Station for Viticulture and Vinification Murfatlar, in the period 2019 – 2022, was carried out clonal selection work on two cultivars for table grapes, respectively: ‘Victoria’ and ‘Coarnă neagră’. The research consisted of the comparative study of five clonal elites of each cultivar, regarding their agrobiological and technological qualities, correlated
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16. THE INFLUENCE OF CLIMATIC FACTORS ON DOWNY MILDEW IN TWO VINEYARDS FROM FRANCE AND ROMANIA
V. Artem, A. Ranca, M. Cosma, I. Dina, A. Hafiane, G. Delanoue and M. Hnatiuc
The objective of this study was to evaluate the influence of climate variability from the last two years, namely 2021-2022, on the development of the pathogen Plasmopara viticola in two vineyards renowned for the quality of their wines, Murfatlar (Romania) and Val de Loire (France). The study was carried out on four grapevine cultivars: ‘Sauvignon
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17. DETERMINATION OF THE SPECTRUM OF VOLATILE CHEMICAL COMPOUNDS IN THE BERRY JUICE OF INTERSPECIFIC RHIZOGENIC GRAPEVINE GENOTYPES
B. Gaina and E. Alexandrov
In this study, the aromatic compounds of some interspecific genotypes were analyzed for both white and red wines. The analysis of the aromatic spectrum of the interspecific rhizogenic vine genotype (Vitis vinifera L. x Muscadinia rotundifolia Michx.) ‘Amethyst’ genotype (blue-purple berry) was compared with red wine genotype ‘Fetească neagră’, ‘Cabernet sauvignon’ and Malbec’. The aromatic
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18. POTENTIAL OF PRODUCTION OF O RANGE TYPE WINES WITH INCREASED BIOACTIVE SUBSTANCE CONTENT FROM NEW SELECTION GRAPE CULTIVARS FROM THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA
N. Taran, B. Morari and A. Soltan
Dry white wines with an increased content of bioactive substances, known as “Orange wines,” have become a captivating subject in the wine industry, rooted in the millennia-old tradition of the South Caucasus and gaining global popularity. In the Republic of Moldova, producers such as ”Crama Domească”, ”Gogu Winery”, and ”Vinăria Novac” have explored the “Orange
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V. FLORICULTURE, ORNAMENTAL PLANTS, LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE
19. CURRENT STATUS AND PROSPECTS OF ORCHID CROP IN SRI LANKAN FLORICULTURE – REVIEW
W. Atapattu, U. Kumara, N. Dahanayake and FMMT Marikar
Sri Lanka has become one of the hot spots for quality floricultural products in South Asia. As floricultural products, Sri Lanka exports ornamental foliage plants, cut decorative foliage, cut flowers, aquarium plants, landscaping plants, flowers seeds and tissue culture plants. In the current floricultural market in Sri Lanka Orchid has been established well as a
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20. TRANSLOCATION OF MATURITY FACTORS IN THE DOUBLE – NOSE BULBS OF LILIUM LONGIFLORUM AND L. ×ELEGANS
L.H. Wang, X.W. Wu, J. K. Suh and M. S Roh
Translocation of maturity factors through the basal plate of double-nose L. longiflorum Thunb. ‘Nellie White’ and L. ×elegans Thunb. was investigated. Both mother (M) and daughter (D) scales were attached (+M+D) or the scales were removed (-M-D) from one or both sides of the double-nose bulb. The double-nose ‘Nellie White’ bulbs were grouped into +M+D/+M+D,
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21. SEDUM SURVIVAL AND RAMIFICATION PATTERNS UNDER DIFFERENT PEDOCLIMATIC CONDITIONS
A.P. Cotoz, V.S. Dan, T.M. Gocan, I. Andreica, S. Rózsa and M. Cantor
This article explores the use of Sedum species in landscape design, focusing on their adaptability to different pedoclimatic conditions and their ability to thrive in conditions of neglect. The article discusses the importance of understanding a plant’s place of origin and natural habitat when considering its cultivation in a different area and the benefits and
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22. BREEDING OF ASIATIC HYBRID LILY CULTIVARS TO FLOWER WITH INCREASED NUMBER OF FLOWERS IN ONE YEAR FROM BULBILS
Y.K. Yoo, Y.S. Roh and M.S. Roh
The objective of this research was to produce Asiatic lily (Lilium ×elegans Thunb.) hybrids in one year starting from small propagules with more than 3 flowers. Bulbils were harvested 30 days after flower (DAF) and treated with a sequential temperature treatment at 5oC for 2 weeks followed by 20oC for 2 weeks, and finally at
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VI. POSTHARVEST
23. PRELIMINARY QUALITY RESULTS REGARDING S.V.18402 INTERSPECIFIC HYBRID BERRIES PROCESSED BY MULTIPLE TECHNIQUES TO OBTAIN A NOVEL FOOD PRODUCT
R. Sandor, T. M. Gocan, F. D. Bora, A. Hoble, A. C. Babeș, R. Indrea, C. I. Bunea and Am. Călugăr
In this study, SV 18402 interspecific hybrid (PIWI group grapevines) was subjected to processing by syruping the berries before boiling. The variants were: V1.1. – grape product from berries without skin – filtered; V1.2. – grape product from berries without skin – unfiltered; V2.1. – grape product from berries with skin– filtered; V2.2. – grape
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