THE INFLUENCE OF LED LIGHT SPECTRA ON THE IN VITRO GROWTH OF GRAPEVINE PLANTS

Authors

  • M. Dubceac Scientific-Practical Institute of Horticulture and Food Technologies, Republic of Moldova Author
  • С. Losmanschii Institute of Applied Physics, Republic of Moldova Author

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.51258/RJH.2023.03

Keywords:

Vitis vinifera L., in vitro, microplants, propagation, LED light spectrum, PPFD, DLI.

Abstract

In this study, the influence of different LED light spectra on the rooting, growth, and development processes of grapevine shoots under in vitro culture conditions were investigated. Photometric measurements were conducted for three types of LED-based artificial light sources (Osram, Germany), with variations in parameters such as PPFD, DLI, and color temperature (T). The study results indicated that the development of both the aboveground and underground parts of the vitroplants was most strongly stimulated by illumination with the "white- warm" spectrum, where T ≤3200 K, PPFDmax = 30 μmol·s−1·m−2, and DLImax = 2.04 mol·m−2·d−1 "white-warm". Presented the weakest results, on the studied morphological parameters, illumination with the "white-cool" spectrum, characterized by T = 6000K, PPFD=63 μmol·s−1·m−2, and DLImax=4.05 mol·m−2·d−1. ”Fito” light spectrum, characterized by parameters T ≤1700 K, PPFDmax =25 μmol·s−1·m−2, and DLImax =1.64 mol·m−2·d−1, Overall, the type of illumination had a moderate impact on grapevine plants cultivated under controlled in vitro conditions. 

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Alvarenga I.C.A., Pacheco F.V., Silva S.T., Bertolucci S.K.V., Pinto J.E.B.P. (2015). In vitro culture of Achillea millefolium L.: Quality and intensity of light on growth and production of volatiles. Plant Cell, Tissue Organ Cult. 122: 299–308.

Banerjee A., Roychoudhury A. (2016). Plant responses to light stress: oxidative damages, photoprotection, and role of phytohormones. In Plant Hormones under Challenging Environmental Factors; Springer: AA Dordrecht: 181– 214.

Baumbauer D.A.; Schmidt, C.B.; Burgess, M.H. Leaf lettuce yield is more sensitive to low daily light integral than kale and spinach. HortScience 2019, 54, 2159–2162.

Bourget C.M. (2008). An introduction to light-emitting diodes. Hort. Sci. 43: 1944–1946.

Currey C.J, and Lopez R.G. (2012). Biomass accumulation, allocation, and leaf morphology of impatiens Hawker ‘Magnum Salmon’ cuttings is affected by photosynthetic daily light integral in propagation. Acta Hortic. 956: 349–356.

Dutta Gupta S. (2017). Light Emitting Diodes for Agriculture-Smart Lighting, 1st ed.; Springer: Singapore.

Faust J. E., Holcombe, V., Rajapakse, N. C., & Layne, D. R. (2005). The Effect of Daily Light Integral on Bedding Plant Growth and Flowering. Hort. Sci. 40(3): 645-649.

Fu W., Li, P., Wu, Y. (2012). Effects of different light intensities on chlorophyll ????luorescence characteristic and yield in Lettuce. Sci. Hortic. 135: 45–51.

Gensler, W.G. (1984). Advanced agricultural instrumentation. – In: Proc. NATO advanced Study Inst: Advanced Agricultural Instrumentation. Martinus Nijhoff Publ., Dordrecht.

George E.F. and Davies W. (2008). Effects of the physical environment. In Plant prop. by Tiss. Cult. 3: 423–464.

Graver J.K., Boldt, J.K. and Lopez R.G. (2018). Radiation intensity and quality from sole-source light-emitting diodes affect seedling quality and subsequent flowering of long-day bedding plant species. HortSci. 53: 1407–15.

Hanus-Fajerska E. and Wojciechowska R. (2017). Impact of Light-Emitting Diodes (LEDs) on propagation of orchids in tissue culture. In Light Emitting Diodes for Agriculture; Gupta, S.D., Ed.; Springer:305–320.

Lee H.B., Lee J.H., An S.K., Park J.H.and Kim K.S. (2019). Growth characteristics and ????lowering initiation of Phalaenopsis Queen Beer ‘Mantefon’ as affected by the daily light integral. Hortic. Environ. 60: 637–645.

Lin K.H., Huang M.Y., Huang W.D., Hsu M.H., Yang Z.W. and Yang C.M. (2013). The effects of red, blue, and white light- emitting diodes on the growth, development, and edible quality of hydroponically grown lettuce. Sci. Hortic. 150: 86–91.

Liu C., Guo C., Wang Y. and Ouyang F. (2002). Effect of light irradiation on hairy root growth and artemisinin biosynthesis of Artemisia annua L. Process Biochem. 38: 581–585.

Miler N., Kulus D., Woźny A., Rymarz D., Hajzer M., et al. (2019). Application of wide-spectrum light-emitting diodes in micropropagation of popular ornamental plant species: a study on plant quality and cost reduction. Vitr. Cell. Dev. Biol. -Plant. 55: 99–108.

Moon H.K., Park S.-Y., Kim Y.W. and Kim C.S. (2006). Growth of Tsuru-rindo (Tripterospermum japonicum) cultured in vitro under various sources of light-emitting diode (LED) irradiation. J. Plant Biol. 49:174–179.

Morrow R.C. (2008). LED lighting in horticulture. Hort. Sci. 43:1947–1950.

Murashige T. and Skoog F. (1962). A revised medium for rapid growth and bioassays with tobacco tissue cultures. Physiol. Plant. 15: 473–497.

Poudel P, Kataoka I. and Mochioka Y. (2007). Effect of red- and blue-light-emitting diodes on growth and morphogenesis of grapes. Plant Cell. Tissue Organ Cult. 92(2):147-153

Robinson, A.S. (2001). Plant Light Stress. Encycl. Life Sci.: 1–6.

Silva M.M.A., De Oliveira A.L.B., Oliveira-Filho R.A., Gouveia-Net, A.S., Camara T.J.R,and Willadino L.G. (2014). Effect of blue/red LED light combination on growth and morphogenesis of Saccharum of????icinarum plantlets in vitro. Prog. Biomed. Opt. Imaging - Proc. SPIE. 89471.

Singh A.S., Jones A.M.P., Shukla M.R. andSaxena, P.K. (2017). High light intensity stress as the limiting factor in micropropagation of sugar maple (Acer saccharum Marsh.). Plant Cell. Tissue Organ Cult. 129: 209–221.

Solis-Toapanta E., Gómez C. (2019). Growth and photosynthetic capacity of basil grown for indoor gardening under constant or increasing daily light integrals. HortTech. 29: 880–888.

Soltani S, Arouiee H, Salehi R, Nemati SH, Moosavi-Nezhad M, Gruda NS. and Aliniaeifard S. (2023). Morphological, phytochemical, and photosynthetic performance of grafted tomato seedlings in response to different led light qualities under protected cultivation. Hort. 9(4):471.

Velez-Ramirez A.I., Dünner-Planella G., Vreugdenhil D., Millenaar F.F. and Van Ieperen W. (2017). On the induction of injury in tomato under continuous light: Circadian asynchrony as the main triggering factor. Funct. Pl. Biol. 44: 597–611

Viršilė A., Olle M., Duchovskis P. (2017). LED Lighting in Horticulture. In Light emitiing diodes for agriculture – smart lighting, 1st ed.; Ed.; Springer: Singapore: 113–147.

Walters K.J., Curry, C.J. (2018). Effects of nutrient solution concentration and daily light integral on growth and nutrient concentration of several basil species in hydroponic production. Hort. Sci. 53: 1319–1325.

Downloads

Published

2023-12-15

How to Cite

(1)
M. Dubceac; С. Losmanschii. THE INFLUENCE OF LED LIGHT SPECTRA ON THE IN VITRO GROWTH OF GRAPEVINE PLANTS. RJH 2023, 4, 35-42. https://doi.org/10.51258/RJH.2023.03.

Similar Articles

1-10 of 24

You may also start an advanced similarity search for this article.